The Greater America Exposition of 1899


1-13-2000

Following the great success Omaha had in 1898 with the Trans-Mississippi Exposition, a group of investors decided it did not make sense to tear the buildings after just one year. They raised enough money to buy the grounds and embarked on a second exposition, which would later be named the Greater America Exposition. This is the story of that exposition as it was reported in the World Herald in 1899. A few articles have been added from the Omaha Bee, which are marked "Bee". All others are from the Morning edition of the World Herald.  The format used was to pull highlights from the articles.  Enough of the article to give the reader an idea when and where to look on a given subject, but not the entire account. To get the complete story, it is recommended that you go to those papers and read the entire article.


Nov. 2, 1898    $66,900 subscribed to save White City...200 stockholders... four $5000 subscriptions...most exhibitors will return according to Major Hamilton, presently in charge of Illinois Building, 20 more states will be represented

Nov. 4, 1898    First building to be torn down is the Kansas building, was bought by Gus Peterson for $150.00...New York Building sold and converted into double dwelling. Nebraska Building being converted into storehouse for state property.  Meeting of Minnesota Commission in St. Paul today to decide if building will be given to Riverview Park or sold to Mr. Austin of Chicago.  Affairs being closed at Iowa and Wisconsin Buildings...will be left to their doom in a few days.  Several of the smaller buildings on East Midway going down

Nov. 5, 1898    Iler and Hayden Bros. offer $10,000 for...project to hold the show another year

Nov. 8, 1898    Waiting to see about next year...most States and Midway people hesitating to dispose of
their buildings.  The Iowa Building is the second building to go down.

Nov. 11, 1898   Park Board sentiments on Kountze site...to replace all of the earth, but leave steel bridges as memorial of Exposition... Board loaned Expo thousands of trees which will be removed... and will planted along boulevards.  Sycamores and elms on 20th street,  south of Expo grounds.  A large number of flowers and  shrubs also belong to Park Board and will be transplanted... Trans-planting has been suspended until results of movement for Exposition next year known.

     BEE           Board of Directors will meet to discuss the proposition submitted by Iler to purchase the property for $10,000.  It is intimated the Committee is not likely to accept the proposition, as they not want to sell until they know who is  behind scheme for another year of it

Nov. 12, 1898   Builders and Traders Exchange favors another exposition

Nov. 13, 1898   Railway tracks finally reach large buildings...admission to grounds to watch demolition reduced to 25c & 15c...tearing down of German village begun last night...Press building was closed down yesterday.

Nov. 15, 1898   '99 plan feasible

     BEE            Expo in '99...sentiment in favor of another fair in 1899 is rapidly crystallizing.  Downtown dealers want it to be bigger and permanent, feel it will benefit everyone.

Nov. 16, 1898   Iler & others offer $17,500 for White City...numerous bids... Chicago Wrecking Co. offers $15, 519...Sec. Wakefield moves his office to Mercantile Bank Building downtown.

Nov. 17, 1898   Rosewater mad...files injunction stopping $10,000 for writing official history...says he has material and knowledge, and he is the fit, suitable and proper person to write the history of the '98 Expo.

     BEE           Take it or leave it...bid accepted with some conditions... Price offered exceeds that from Pg. 5    any wrecking company.  Rosewater says is costing $500 a day to protect the property. History injunction provokes a lively discussion.

Nov. 18, 1898   Question of holding the Show another year will be decided Saturday night...$30M subscribed. John Ryckman suggests Colonial theme

     BEE            99 tide is rising...immediate action necessary...

Nov. 19, 1898   "The Expo proved Omaha could do anything and its people should not forget this important lesson", Congressman Mercer at Commercial Club. Committee appointed to raise money for '99 Expo...$100,000 goal.

Nov. 20, 1898   Another year of it...$60,000 subscribed, more coming

Nov. 23, 1898   Expo transferred...sale of property completed...German Village property sold at auction yesterday to satisfy claims against it...Snow blocking the grounds...several feet deep in places.

Nov. 24, 1898   Jobbers of Omaha against '99 fair...based on view that retail merchants in small Nebraska towns against it and will withdraw their trade from Omaha.

Nov. 25, 1898   Fifteen guards laid off because not much to do only seventeen left.

Nov. 29, 1898   Spain accepts American terms for peace...Real Estate men not prepared to endorse or oppose '99 Expo...Alleged official history being worked...Rosewater doing his own unauthorized history...

Nov. 30, 1898   Nebraska Expo Commission held its final meeting in the Nebraska Building Saturday morning...Silver Creek (NE) protests against 1899...signed by local merchants of Silver Creek.

Dec. 1, 1899    Expo for next year...Omaha must hold an Exposition again next year.  There is no time for argument...Call made to postpone sale of Nebraska Building

     BEE       

Dec. 2, 1898    Woe for Midway concessionaires...Several T/M people were lured to the Pure Food Show in Cincinnati.  It supposedly had the backing of 1200 local merchants and would run for three weeks with expected attendance of not less than 200,000.  The first day drew 18 visitors to the midway, the second was no better.  It closed after three days and all who went lost heavily.

Dec. 3, 1898    People of Wymore and vicinity threaten boycott of Omaha businesses...Plattsmouth objects to '99 Expo

Dec. 4, 1898    Accounting to the state...report from the Nebraska Commission on the design and use of Nebraska Building during 1898...Nebraska Building sold for $ 470 to new company...furniture sold separately, much of it going to speculators...Sod House sold for $ 25.

     BEE            President McKinley favors an Omaha show during 1899...to exhibit new possessions of United States.

Dec. 8, 1898    Women meet to discuss roll in 1899 Exposition. Want their own building...criticize Midway, would make next more refining and eliminate beer and coarse elements...

Dec. 9, 1898    Omaha jobbers, wholesalers & manufacturers oppose '99 Expo as detrimental to city...

     BEE            Nebraska Commission completes sale of Nebraska Building contents, cases, tables, rugs, furniture, etc...some purchased by '99 people, some by speculators

Dec. 11, 1898   Nebraska City will boycott Omaha

Dec. 12, 1898   Warning to public about unauthorized history of '98 Expo being peddled

     BEE            Big lagoon on Exposition grounds opened to skaters for season. Estimated attendance about 1000...

Dec. 13, 1898   Fate of '99 Expo...will it be abandoned?

     BEE           Discuss the Expo...both sides debated.  Wholesalers attempt to kill off proposition. Mr. Iler moved that the old Expo Commission be requested to take back property and keep it intact until it is learned what the Government will do... Rosewater opposes taking back property

Dec. 15, 1898   Greater America Exposition plan...mass meeting to determine whether it will be held in Omaha next year

Dec. 16, 1898   Organizing Committee Chairman Rosewater protests against '99 Expo being belittled by speakers saying that others in state against it.  Mr. Dumont comments, "If Omaha had to ask outsiders what it should do, it would never do anything."

Dec. 17, 1898   Articles of Incorporation...to be known as Greater America Exposition...$ 500,000 stock available

Dec. 21, 1898   Fate of '99 Expo depends on H. Kountze and Frank Murphy... if he refuses to lease this property...and insists buildings be cleared by 4-1-99...would prevent holding another show

Dec. 22, 1898   Expo a certainty

     BEE            Inquiring of the Expo...inquiries from possible exhibitors pouring into offices of GAE...from Kansas City, Brooklyn

     BEE            Endorsement for '99 fair by Bloomfied, NE Journal

Dec. 24, 1898   America takes possession of Wake Island

Dec. 25, 1898   '99 Expo will be the expansion of the United States in miniature...the idea is that people shall have an opportunity to become acquainted with their new compatriots...their customs...what they look like... The trouble with the Worlds Fair in Chicago was that they promptly Americanized
themselves...this will be painstakingly avoided in Omaha

Dec. 27, 1898   Holiday at Expo...sleeping White City deserted save for skaters...Minnesota Building gone...Portions of lagoon in front of Government Building, which has sprung leaks again, torn up to remove electric fountain.  It was by far the largest single building the Government had erected for any exposition.

Dec. 28, 1898   Election of GAE Board of Directors delayed. Rosewater condemns

     BEE            bankers and resigns from committee...

Dec. 31, 1898   Filthy city streets...public outcry against condition of main thoroughfares in Omaha

     BEE
                                                  1899

Jan 1, 1899     Great demand for Expo stamps...no 4c or 10c left in Omaha...requests for 3c, but none printed

Jan. 8, 1899    Midway people seek space...concessionaires putting in bids for1899...Chinese village...Old Plantation...$ 18,639.45 paid for Expo grounds...17500 for property of old company, $ 500 for Illinois Building, $ 639.45 for Nebraska...

Jan 11, 1899    GAE insured for $ 80,000...balance sheet for 1898...Like Eqypt...Icilio Ninci, manager of Streets of Cairo,...says he cures homesickness by gazing upon heaps of snow on Omaha's principal streets that remind him of sand around the ruins and  pyramids in Egypt...

Jan 12, 1899    GAE envoy in Washington D.C....prospects bright for bill in Congress.  St. Louis selected to hold World's Fair in 1903...

Jan 22, 1899    Joint resolution introduced in congress by Mercer and Thurston ...no pecuniary assistance requested, only same support for Indian Congress as in 1898...

Feb. 3, 1899    Lost painting from Expo given to city library found...”Moonrise off Cape Ann" has been at express office since November...

Feb. 6, 1899    Filipino's attack Americans...1st Nebraska boys in thick of fight...two Omahans killed...Nebraska man fired first shot for American forces...

Feb. 9, 1899    Coldest day in seven years in Omaha...-23 degrees...14th consecutive day zero or below...

Feb. 16, 1899   Exhibits from Philippines...arrangements made...will include six ponies, four water buffalo, native carts, monkeys, native birds...also native dancers, musicians and jugglers...

Feb. 19, 1899   John Keys submitted plans for "parking" the Grand Court...Eleanor Dutcher, Nebraskadelegate to the National D.A.R. will distribute advertising material and color views at the convention.

Feb. 21, 1899   98% of Exposition grounds now gathered in by GAE...

Feb. 22, 1899   Two season passes to GAE will be sent to every editor in Nebraska and selected editors in other states...

Feb. 23, 1899   Special committee appointed to solicit cooperation of railroads...New power plant to be ordered right away...

Feb. 24, 1899   First call for large amounts of exhibit space from Beloit, Wisconsin firm for 1250 sq. feet for exhibit of gasoline engines in motion...
Transportation Building will be used for agriculture implements and stock, and will be expanded to include quarter mile track, show ring and amphitheater for 2600.

Feb. 25, 1899   Demand for pamphlets has been so great 5000 more needed...

Feb. 26, 1899   A trip to the old T/M...lonesomest place in the city..."where ghosts walk and coming glories of '99 Expo cast their shadows before"...stately buildings still stand...but the soul is gone ..the merry streets of the midway are a tattered, tawdry ruin.

Feb. 28, 1899   Going east after "live exhibits"...will visit 20 to 30 of the largest manufacturers...Dept. of Publicity has issued a new book of views...in addition has added views of public buildings, residences and scenes of Cuba and the Philippines. Replies received from railroads show a willingness to distribute pamphlets and advertising material...

March 3, 1899   GAE bill meets decided opposition in House...Senate passed it but the temper on Expositions is not favorable due to heavy appropriations for Buffalo and Toledo...

March 4, 1899   GAE cut out...the end of efforts to secure action on the GAE was readied today...no prospect of securing favorable consideration in the House of Representatives...

March 5, 1899   Applications being received for exhibits...arrangements underway to build 1/2 mile speed track on site Indian Congress held last year...will be used for sham battles...Dr. Miller named president of GAE...

March 7, 1899   Dr. Miller's house burns down...almost nothing saved from fire ...total loss about $100,000.

March 8, 1899   Applications received for...Philippine display...Sousa wants to open the Expo...20,000 copies of a new pamphlet, showing diagrams of the grounds and buildings was just issued.  It will be mailed to potential exhibitors...Sec. Smith will call on railroads in effort to get special rates...Douglas County will occupy same space as last year...

March 10, 1899  Dr. Miller and Ed Rosewater go to Washington D.C....Rosewater throws cold water on ideas...has little confidence in them...

March 11, 1899  Porto Rico wants independence...rioting and disturbances throughout island...ill feeling grows...

March 18, 1899  Pushing Expo...Col  Nicci was awarded management of Streets of All Nations at GAE...says last year will be tame to this year.
Telegram received informing Expo management that Government would furnish transportation to agents of Expo to go to Hawaii, Philippines, Cuba and Porto Rico for purposes of collecting  exhibits.
Klonbrock Boiler Co. will have charge of the boilers again...Thomsom-Houston Electric Co. will have charge of electric lighting...new machinery will be ordered at once...

March 19, 1899  H. F. Dailey goes to Philippines...Frank Clark to Hawaii to look for exhibits...

March 21, 1899  Twenty Filipino families to be brought to Omaha...local company being organized to get Philippine Village display...John Key going to Chicago and St. Louis collecting displays for Fine Arts Building...

March 22, 1899  Uncle Sam gives a lift...will transport all exhibits from colonies...finest display ever seen of Mexico products... enough exhibits secured in Chicago to fill a big building

March 23, 1899  About Aug. 15 Cincinnati will run an excursion to the GAE...

March 24, 1899  Omaha Business's Proclamation...trade is thriving...population pouring in.  The business interests of the city proclaim to the country the destiny of the city. It is entering a new life and beginning her career as the greatest city of the west. We proclaim we are the best markets for buyers, most attractive field for investors, the best opportunity for home seekers...

March 26, 1899  Booming the 1899 show...more interesting Indian Congress...larger mining display than T/M in 1898...

March 28, 1899  The question of buying the Government Building will be proceeded with...attempt to delay sale by Chicago Wrecking Co., but officials say cannot be postponed.  GAE officials will buy it...as law requires it must be sold...

March 30, 1899  Capt. Lee Forby dies of wounds... Rough Riders may come to Exposition...Concession for souvenir spoons to George Ryan of Omaha...

April 6, 1899   GAE stockholders elect ten Directors...Rosewater resigns, reserving his reasons for a later date...terms agreed upon to buy Government Building...

April 7, 1899   Twenty concessions have been closed...Will pay 15%-20% of gross receipts.  Managers worried people may have been surfeited on the Midway rides.  Among those granted are: The Enchanted Island or "A Midnight in Hawaii"; an electric scenic theater; the Cyclorama "Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge", Old Plantation; Electric Wargraph Theater with Hobson sinking the Merrimac, a Chinese village, Cairo Street, Philippine Village,
and the Enchanted Chamber.

April 8, 1899   New cruiser to be named "Nebraska" cost $ 4 million, displaces 12000 tons...3rd Nebraska regiment leaves Cuba for Florida.

April 11, 1899  Exhibits...Libby Prison Museum will be in Government Building.  F.T. Cummins is first to get out an '99 Expo badge...It  represents two globes and Government Building dome... 10,000 issued.

April 12, 1899  Outlook for the big show very satisfactory...Rosewater asked to reconsider resignation, declines saying there was not enough money raised to make it a success, but if vigorous effort made to raise more funds, he would reconsider and be on ground floor...

April 16, 1899  GAE to people of Omaha...(Management of GAE gives a complete statement of its present status and requests the businessman to take a hand in pushing along the project)

April 18, 1899  Over 200 Indians, from four tribes, coming from Arizona  territory...Navajo, Pueblo and an Indian Band...
A force of men put to work on grounds...will take up a lot of   brick sidewalks about the buildings and put in sod...  promenades will be bricked (not paved)...Southern Pacific Railroad agrees to give same rates as '98...

Plattsmouth...we will be coming, but a couple of suggestions:  The Omaha Railway not persist in packing people in their cars,  We don't see why policemen cannot be as civic and courteous as conductors and motormen, the policemen are no better men...

April 20, 1899  At work on the grounds...Force of men cleaning up rubbish and getting ready to repair buildings. Will work on Government Building first...

April 23, 1899  Every available foot of space taken in 3 buildings...Fine Arts  Electrical and Machinery Buildings well nigh filled...contract for magnificent display of fireworks...New exhibit showing battle scenes of Manila and Santiago...a lake will be made 300 feet long by 150 wide on which miniature fleets will float, with the Spanish fleet going down... Three  exhibits a day.

April 24, 1899  Libby War Prison will arrive tomorrow...

April 30, 1899  War Museum now safely in Government Building...Nebraska Bldg. will be used for women’s display and state fair offices... Illinois building will go to Fraternal organizations... State Fair people will fill Agriculture and Horticulture Buildings..Liberal Arts Building will be filled with the Colonial show...500 men now at work on the grounds, painting, patching, cleaning and planting flower beds...which will be illuminated with color lights.

Then and Now poems...

May 2, 1899     Spanish war museum secured...scenic railway again to Griffith, but will have new scenery...800 new trees around lagoon...

May 3, 1899     Several firms assigned exhibit space...some machinery will go into Dairy Building...52,594 sq. feet contracted for exhibits...
E.W. McConnel in town to supervise putting up cyclorama... 50 feet high, 376 feet long...is rolled upon a roll over 6 feet high.
E.J. Austin is here to supervise placing of war pictures of Dewey's battle at Manila and Hobsons sinking of the Merrimac, a building will be put up for them...

May 4, 1899     No state fair in 1899...will have exhibits at GAE instead... Fred Millikin of Nashville given concession for Congress of  All Nations...

May 5, 1899     ...It is now practically settled that a large part of the Agriculture Building will be devoted to exhibits of farm machinery...something that was conspicuously absent last year.

May 7, 1899     Cuba's notorious choker to come to Expo...Hangman Valentine Ruiz, the terror of the people, will be part of the Cuban exhibit.
Indian Congress will be more interesting than last year... will feature Indian Snake Dance in August, only month they perform it...Red Cloud will visit...

The Nebraska Building will be made Fraternal society headquarters.

May 8, 1899     Memories of days of yore...Sunday marked first opening of Expo grounds...5-6000 journey out to see changes...wooded area developed between Wisconsin and Horticulture Buildings to make up for loss of Iowa Building...architectural repairs begun in main court...a third more lights this year, over 3000 added to Horticulture Building alone...also more on Twin Towers, which was a weak spot last year...

In order to provide 12000 more lights, arrangements made with Omaha Electric Light Co.to furnish power for live exhibits and Midway and lights on grounds.  Last year generated own, but so much more needed this year, that outside help needed.

Buildings are closed...so people made a circuit of court, passed through the Midway, got a view of the Bluffs tract before leaving grounds...

May 9, 1899     July 3 to be Schley Day...hope to bring him here...

May 11, 1899    Third Nebraska Regiment to muster out today in Georgia...Music of the Exposition...practically all dates filled...

May 12, 1899    County Attorney declares his position...Rosewater tried to tear down Trans-Miss Expo and failed to do so only because the good men connected with it sacrificed themselves and their pride to save the city.  Now he proposes to follow the same course towards the GAE for the sole reason that Dr. Miller had presumed to give C. V. Gallagher employment...

May 13, 1899    Railway officials meet with Expo officials...

May 14, 1899    Curios of interest secured for the show...Libby Museum will include over 500 Lincolnrelics...several hundred articles from Jeff Davis and Robert E. Lee...Park Board requires GAE to make a contract with it for use of Kountze Park and if it fails to do so they will take possession of Park and portion of Florence Boulevard within Expogrounds...

May 18, 1899    GAE will offer cash prizes aggregating $ 20,000 for agriculture show...

May 19, 1899    Admiral Winfield Scott Schley visits Omaha...

May 21, 1899    Pictures of grounds...drawing of proposed Philippine village...description of village...

May 25, 1899    Art from New Orleans Exposition which closes May 30, will come to GAE...contract awarded for Moorish Palace...will be repainted and remolded...new wax figures...will feature the "Passion Play" carried out with moving pictures...

May 26, 1899    Tribute to GAE by Chicago Record newspaper...Omaha businessman are sending thousands of invitations to Chicagoans asking them to come to Omaha when GAE is open. The GAE will be the first national show which will contain a colonial exhibit...

May 27, 1899    100 Wisconsin editors visit GAE grounds...delighted and surprised...will recommend to readers...

May 28, 1899    Col. Roosevelt may be visitor at GAE this summer... The four Johnsons, divers, will be here...a special building will be constructed...have no equal in U.S...

President Diaz of Mexico will visit GAE...

May 30, 1899    Title of Kountze Park...in deed to city and T/M Company was to have use of groundsduring 1898-98 and if necessary 1899.  This dispossess of idea Park Board must take possession by 6-1-1899 or Mr. Kountze could reclaim land...

The Omaha Water Co. has been digging trench in No. 20th St. from Exposition grounds south to Lake Street.

May 31, 1899    First place among the great expositions...Chicago Times Herald writes of the GAE...

     Pg. 5   Gates open to public...last chance for free admission...over1000 laborers will be employed within a week working on Filipino and Cuban Villages, construction on Paines Cyclorama will begin at once...
Test made on new electric lights on buildings...statuary not lighted as well last year...this year each one lighted...

June 1, 1899    Knox county...contract for animal show awarded to Frank Bostick who will use same building as last year...

June 2, 1899    Chicago Railroad promises to cooperate in advertising, exhibits and rates...
Hall County, Cherry County, Boyd County, Elkhorn Valley will have exhibits this year...

June 3, 1899    GAE almost a fairyland with 1500 new globes of white fire... Offices of Departmentsmoving from downtown to grounds in Manufacturers Building...
The Women’s Weekly newspaper has been awarded contract for printing official programs...Supt. Simpson says he could use 10,000 sq. feet more of space for exhibits...

June 4, 1899    Big sale of T/M stamps in May...Postmaster reports sales of $ 30,762 against $ 28,824 last year...large numbers of T/M available at Omaha Post Office...all Post Offices in United States must secure them through the Omaha office...

Cutoff Lake Park...Park Commissioners look with favor on plan for water resort...saving if buying more land adjoining Kountze Park and Bluff Tract...

GAE great beyond hopes...with buildings jammed with exhibits, music divine and art unexcelled...President McKinley will visit ...Horticulture Building will be a tropical garden...100 concessions awarded...Roosevelt here July 3rd...

June 5, 1899    Thousands see grounds...one of the finest and attractive exhibits will be Creole Days in Louisiana...not decided where it will be housed...perhaps in Wisconsin Building...

June 6, 1899    Roosevelt to come later...cannot make opening day...Wisconsin Building purchased yesterday for LA. exhibit...F. T. Cummins purchased Bemis Bag Building, which will be moved to west midway as headquarters for concessionaires club...Harry  Langdon came in yesterday, has painters at work beautifying Seesaw...

Gallery of Manufacturers Building being turned over to women for display on women’s work...members of 2nd & 3rd Nebraska Regiments to be given preference as guards...

June 7, 1899    California man wants to invest in Expo tickets...offers $4000 cash, but gets them for 40c each.  Executive Committee accepted his proposition, but unsure of his scheme...

Carload from Florida of pines, palmettos and tropical trees expected to arrive today...three carloads of animals came in Monday for Hagenbacks...

June 8, 1899    Twenty Pueblo and Yslita Indians from New Mexico coming...Workers tearing outplatform of Auditorium and will rearrange in better shape...Council Bluffs Wigwam will be used as a restaurant, as company from C.B. has purchased it...will also serve as Iowa Headquarters...nothing has been done with Montana or Georgia Buildings yet...

June 9, 1899    Indignant Expo managers reply to libels in Bee that contended Chief Red Cloud is too old
and blind to be an attraction and now claims that the GAE is just a lot of stuffed snakes,
bats and lizards from the Philippines...

June 10, 1899   Rock Island gets cash...T/M settles with RR for $ 17500... only two suits still unsettled...
Wild West Show and Maple Sugar Candy vendor...

                    Workmen putting up Hawaiian Village...the Merry-go-round, so long on the corner of 15th
& Capitol, is now being placed near the Giant Seesaw...rom now on 10c admission
required...Illinois Building designated public comfort headquarters...

June 11, 1899   The new YMCA Athletic Park at 24th & Ames opened up... Monument fund for soldiers
monument started with shooting contest that was held in enclosure formerly devoted to
Wild West Show...

                    Glorious week for GAE...E.C. Bickford has purchased Montgomery Ward Building and
will operate restaurant...Paine’s Cyclorama is being built...International Building being
remolded...will add fountain in center, great dome for light on top and arch connecting it
to Manufacturers Building...

                    Everybody but Rosewater now gives support to GAE...

                    Red Cloud will be a star attraction at Indian Congress... Chadron will be here...

                    A company has been formed to introduce horseless carriages to Omaha...three companies
 formed in Trenton N.J. to provide Cab, delivery and Truck service...

June 12, 1899   The Bankers Magazine of New York gives flattering endorsement of GAE...

June 13, 1899   Schlitz is moving building he had at stock show to west midway opposite his present
building...F.T. Cummins has decided not to move Bemis Bag Building, will be a collection
of photos of Parisian life...

                    No dairy exhibit this year...building will be used as beer garden and restaurant...
the Douglas County pavilion used last  year will be moved to east end of building, near it a monster warship will be built and filled with grain and other products of county...

June 14, 1899   Space on Midway taken up...only 2 spaces left on west and 4 on east...work begun on
Hawaiian and Mexican Villages yesterday,  will occupy space just south of German
Village, extending back  to bluffs...

June 17, 1899   Chicago tribute to GAE...

June 18, 1899   Midway gleanings...Royal English Marionettes will perform for first time in America at
building created for them...the Phantom Swing will mystify visitors...Lunette will be in
                    building formerly used for Explosion of the Maine...Naiads of the Fountain will be in
Flying Lady building...the Old Plantation will not be recognized, much larger this year and
                    theater is at front this year.  Performers already here.  Dairy Building will be called
"Milwaukee Dairy" not German Gasthous...Cyclorama is now complete...Improvements at
Chutes as large pavilion being built where public can sit on upholstered seats in the shade
 and watch others coming down...

June 20, 1899   All Nations being rebuilt for Cuban exhibit...Wisconsin Building being moved to a
position just north of the German Village...

June 21, 1899   The Louisiana exhibit has been canceled due to deaths in family of manager and the
Wisconsin Building will be used for Hawaiian Village...

June 24, 1899   The ladies of the Creche or Omaha Day Nursery will control the Boys and Girls Building.
They will run a fine restaurant on the second floor...the ground floor will be a public hall.

June 25, 1899   People and material from Hawaii cannot get here for opening...Royal Japanese troupe of
super acrobats will be at village until Hawaiians get here...

                    Scenic railway changes...each car has seating for 16 plus brakeman...cushioned seats and
backs...built of white oak... outer loop is completely housed in...internal tunnels filled
                    with scenic effects...huge rocks and boulders, precipices, caverns...

                    German Village bar will be supplied with the best in the way of drinks, from champagne
to Schoenhofen beer...the waiters will be chiefly girls...with natty short skirts, white caps
                    and a dainty apron of snowy white...another feature will be a palm garden with cool arbors
and spraying fountains...

                    The Cuban and Porto Rican Village...is located where Streets of All Nations was last
year...now removing old building...

                    Heaven and Hell renamed "the New Darkness and Dawn" because management objected
to name...contest was held...1123 entrees such as Sunshine and Shadow; Day and Night;
War and Peace;  Above and Below; Roses and Thorns...

                    Government Building will feature...Libby Prison Museum...and North Pole collection...
Horticulture Building will be a great collection of palms and tropical plants...fountains...
100 cages of singing birds, canaries and parrots...

                    The Temple of Palmistry will be the home of the Omaha Occult Society...

                    The World Congress of Beauties...will feature 24 young ladies from different countries
in native costume...

                    Orpheus Vaudeville Theater will occupy the former site of Chinese Village...

June 26, 1899   Cubans for Expo arrive in New York...24 people...

June 29, 1899   Much has been done, much remains to be done...Douglas County exhibit being placed...
50 people arrive for Old Plantation from South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky and Missouri

                    Giant Seesaw operated for first time to see if it works after long winters rest...everything
worked like clockwork...

                    St. Johns Lutheran Church of Council Bluffs has purchased Wigwam and will operate
restaurant...

June 30, 1899   Grounds closed...

                                        OPENING DAY

July 1, 1899    GAE endorsement by Des Moines Register...Jealous cities who thought Omaha had its
share of the pie opposed the plan.  We did not favor it...but now hope it is a success...

July 2, 1899    Great show...15000 attend...T/M eclipsed...

                    The Exposition skirt is to be the golf skirt...ladies resolved not to carry their 1899 trained
skirts over the crowded street of the GAE...it was bad enough in '98...Edith C. Garloch

July 4, 1899    Night will blaze...first general illumination of the Grand Court with new features
illumination of flower beds reserved for Fourth...24 large flower beds around lagoon and
14 of them lighted...with over 1900 tiny bulbs...

                    New attraction is painting "First Grief" by Alonzo Tojetti.  It represents the death of Abel
by Cain.  It will be in the same building as Trilby last year...
                    Scenic Railroad carried 12,173 passengers yesterday.  Streets of Cairo twice as good as last
year.
                    Gen. Joe Wheeler was a guest for lunch at the Moorish Palace…The Cuban Village and
Puerto Rican Village will open today...

July 5, 1899     28,000 visit grounds on Fourth...26 Indians arrive from Arizona...will stay in Dairy
building until tents can be pitched in Transportation Building...

                    Expo is winning golden opinions from public in spite of petty annoyances that Mayor, Fire
and Police Commissioners seek to hamper it with...

                    Rosewater not viewing the enterprise with favor on account of the rejection of a few of his
pet ideas and favorites...

                    First installment of Boone County exhibit arrives...work progressing on Waterloo and
Cuming County and York County exhibits...

July 6, 1899    Light day at White City...few visitors...Rosewater threatens great difficulty in securing
licenses by Fire and Police Boards unless Gallagher removed from office...

                    Buildings and Grounds Department lays off 107 men, as grounds in completed condition.
Baby leopard, 4 months old, escapes from Hagenbacks...supposed to have hidden itself
under some of the buildings...Cuban Village opened July 4th...

July 7, 1899    Yesterday attendance about 4000...temperature quite uncomfortable...

July 8, 1899    GAE growing, a marked improvement in buildings on Grand Court with installation of
new exhibits... Philadelphia Record speaks of attractions at GAE...

July 9, 1899    70,000 admissions in first week beats record of predecessor...

                    Twenty-two retail stores agree to close on Saturday nights at 6 O’clock...so employees can
attend Exposition...

                    Rosewaters pictures...copyright...Rosewaters contemptible policy towards the GAE...his
raid on treasury in 1898...

                    Combination of Chutes and Restaurant is very popular...Jules Vernes great story entitled
 "A Trip to the Moon" is surpassed on the East Midway by a similar production...

                    Pictures of GAE opening night...

July 11, 1899   Congratulations to GAE for not making Rosewater mistake... references to extravagance
in advertising in 1898 alluded to.

                    Payroll of $5,000-6,000 per week to employees...

July 12, 1899   Crisis for Omaha...GAE has empty treasury as result of Rosewater cussedness...Executive
Committee presents demands for $30,000 for amounts advanced to carry Exposition
through period of preparation...Resignations of Rosewater, J.L. Brandies and Herman
Cohn and Thomas Fry accepted.


     Pg. 4          "The GAE has no Government exhibit, no showing from any of the Trans-Mississippi
states, no mining exhibit, no agriculture exhibit, nothing that would give the visiting
stranger any idea of the greatness and richness of the Great West.  It is simply a big Midway... it is an Omaha scheme, pure and simple."  editorial by the Denver Times

                    Meeting of North Siders...to protest fight now being made on  GAE...

     Pg. 4          An echo of Rosewater libel...The GAE is not an Exposition in any sense of the word...

                    A trip to the moon, which is presented in connection with Wargraphs on the East Midway,
is becoming more interesting to visitors...

July 14, 1899   Decree executed...Rosewater demand for control leads Expo directory to take remarkable
action.  Two managers forced out and new manager instructed to borrow $25,000 with
hypothetical gate receipts as security.  The GAE is reorganized with a new Executive
Committee...

                    UP passenger train...heaviest traffic yet...with Expo guests  from the west...
                    Omaha at Paris Expo...educational exhibit (will be partly from Omaha)...

     Pg.4           In the interest of Omaha...(defense of GAE by World Herald)

July 15, 1899   Battleship Olympia gaily sits in lagoon...concert given from a facsimile of Olympia
anchored near east end of lagoon... Krug Cafe, located on Indian Congress grounds of last
year, being moved near Manderson St. gate...

July 16, 1899   Daily average looks well...first fortnight closes with GAE only 9000 behind T/M...
last installment for Fine Arts Building arrives...

                    Concessionaires feel good...many say financial success assured ...being run economically...
 T/M attendance 2300 per day, GAE  about 2000 per day...

                   New badges have arrived and being handed out... Work on the "Up and Down" railway
will begin Monday...will take place occupied by miniature railroad...new attraction
                    this week is "Deep Sea Diver", Mrs. Sorcho only female sub-marine diver and Capt.
 Sorcho, who made official report on Battleship Maine...interesting change at Hobson
electric torpedoes now in place...
                    Automobile test race across Nebraska...route to be followed... GAE photos...

                    Dissertation on summer drinks...Omaha invented drink that became famous...
 "Phosphoguarana" by D.W. Saxe...soda fountain.

July 17, 1899   Fine Arts Building to open Wednesday (19th)...

July 19, 1899   Hawaiian Villagers arrive in town...28 natives arrived yesterday in special car...

July 20, 1899   Little ones have gay time...10,000 children flock GAE... Spanish cannon which arrived
Tuesday and taken to Expo grounds  belongs to Park Commission, which has loaned it
until Nov. 1.. effort to get it began last March...came from Morro Castle...

July 21, 1899   Admission set at 50c & 25c during day, 25c & 15c evenings and Sundays...

                    5 O’clock tea on Giant Seesaw...Deep Sea Diving exhibition given for first time last
evening...vandal attempted to steal a valuable collection of Persian armor from Artists
Studio last night...used during crusades...frightened fellow away...

July 23, 1899   Nebraska regiment leaves Philippine battlefields...a sadly  changed band...

     Pg. 6          Hawaiian Village opens...proves a great attraction...New attraction "Living Wounded
Heroes" opened last evening...The opening of the "Fat Mans Beer Garden" in the German
                    Village was a great success...Mr. Henri Maurice Cannon, at 617 lb. the heaviest man in the
world is headquartered there...

                    A most amusing incident occurred at Moorish Palace...Prof Tobin fell asleep on a divan...
and two ladies of Omaha, quite fascinated with the marvelous realism, approached the
sleeping figure and after a careful examination said, "I think that is the most lifelike figure
I have ever seen."  The other could not agree, arguing the expression was not natural.  At
this juncture, Prof. Tobin awoke and the ladies made post haste to the Passion Play...

     Pg. 31         Omaha's contribution to the war tax...$ 3,428,079.38...breakdown given for beer,
cigarettes, cigars, etc...

July 24, 1899   Thousands swarm around lagoon...attendance as good as last year...just 1800 behind...
 Arizona cactus garden nearly complete on Bluffs Tract...over 700 snakes in Cuban Village
exhibit... pythons, boas, electric eels...27 foot boa 1 foot in diameter

July 25, 1899   Council Bluffs children’s day tomorrow, all children under 15 free...
Cacti Garden lighted now...

                    Dangerous to steal globes...to curtail thefts in flower beds...vigorous current left on all the
time...when one undertook  to unscrew, the effect would be felt...several have complained,
                    but thefts are down...only 60 so far...

July 26, 1899   Little girl drowns in water at Battle of Manila Bay Monday...Jennie Hoover, 14 year old
daughter of the engineer of the Scenic Railroad was wading in the lake that represents the
                    Battle of Manila...and was drowned.   Midway concessionaires take up fund to help pay
funeral expenses...

                    All children under 15 free...

July 27, 1899   Horse racing on Expo track...

July 28, 1899   Dull day at grounds...due to rain...Fine Arts Building to open Tuesday evening (7-31)...

July 29, 1899   Filipino's held up in San Francisco...trade them for crewman from USS Indiana...
many of whom are native Filipinos, until others can get to Omaha...


July 30, 1899   First Nebraska arrives in San Francisco...list of deaths...

     Pg. 6          Fifth week opens well...large attendance...many from out of town...222,000 in four
weeks...average 7000 a day...

                   Decision to locate Indians in park south of Horticulture Building has proven satisfactory...

                    Yellow dog loose in Colonial building...lots of passes...4000 Press...2376 workers,
exhibitors, etc....7000 total...

     Pg. 21         Railroads grant stopover passes...some now, more later...

July 31, 1899   Attendance exceeds any previous Sunday...Indians start arriving  this morning...

Aug. 1, 1899    They lop off many heads...members of Executive Committee use pruning knife...offices
being combined...Superintendents, staff, 14 guards laid off...dozen more not needed...

     Pg. 3          West Midway people protest Indian Congress location...Indians can't locate yet...will stop
at old grounds...some days at least in Transportation Building...

                   Filipino's detained in Rawlings, Wyoming...

Aug. 2, 1899    1st Nebraska deaths and where buried...25 members decide to remain in Philippines...

                    Fine Arts Building formally opened last evening...
                    Indian museum and relics in Colonial Building...

                    Riverview Park...squirrels possessing spirits of dead Indian children released in park...
Brule Indians...

Aug. 3, 1899    Indians pitch tents south of Transportation Building...

                    Great deal of complaints of wheels, horseless carriages...and dogs running loose on
grounds...these things were not in evidence last year...

                    Executive Committee will continue cutting off heads as needed

                    First bicycle race on grounds yesterday afternoon...100 Indians parade through downtown
Omaha...but no Red Cloud...

Aug. 5, 1899    Indian Village location settled...going to Bluffs Tract... Jack Red cloud, son of Red Cloud,
on grounds...near disaster at Hagenbacks due to Indian war whoops startling one of the
lions

                    Part of Hawaiian exhibit dumped overboard in San Francisco by customs officials...60 tubs
of native plants destroyed

                    Heavy rain...many buildings leaked badly...everything suspended...

Aug. 6, 1899    Photo of Henri Cannon (Callon)...Fatman at German Village...

     Pg. 31         Opium joints of Omaha...Union Pacific fossil expedition...

Aug. 7, 1899    Big crowd at Exposition...exceptionally large crowd...one of the best of the season...

                    Question of fish starving in lagoon a serious one...millions of them, all sizes, minnows,
carp, perch...larger ones devouring smaller ones...fishing prohibited, but fresh fish
                    common in many restaurants.  One suggestion is that permits be sold for fishing...
something must be done...

Aug. 8, 1899    Paid admissions 7500; 10,000 total...more guards dismissed...

                    Philippine exhibit arrives...the 17 intended arrive to join the 23 who came a week ago...

                    35 feet of balustrade (colonnade) on east side of lagoon fell over onto sidewalk yesterday...

Aug. 9, 1899    Great battle in Philippines...
                    The float for the Electric fountain display is being built...

                    First reception in the Fraternal Building given last night by the Modern Woodmen...
                    Beckwith aquarium on West Midway will be completed in a few days...

Aug. 10, 1899   Stand up for Nebraska...Pennsylvania and Wyoming are bringing home their regiments
(from the Spanish-American War) on special trains...Nebraska cannot afford to let its
soldiers come straggling home...$20,000 needed...Sweltering heat...98 degrees...

                    Pains Fireworks this evening...only five more...no plans for future ones...
                    Philippine Village opens today...

Aug. 11, 1899   Auditors report shows income within a few thousand of bills... no trouble anticipated
continuing show...

Aug. 12, 1899   Chairs at wrong end of lagoon for concert...best show so far..8000 people around lagoon

                    Roosevelt will try to visit grounds next month...

Aug. 13, 1899   Disappointed the crowd...weather interferes...all special attractions called off...day started
with sunshine, then storms rolled in...grounds practically deserted by 7 P.M.

                    Second carload of material for Hawaiian exhibit lost...some where between San Francisco
and Omaha...

Aug. 14, 1899   Good crowds at grounds...bicycle races called off due to lack of interest...

                    Electric fountain operated in a very satisfactory manner last night, but fire dance almost a
failure.  Management neglected to provide for any music.  When dancer began, no music
was forthcoming, so electricity was shut off and show declared off for the evening, leaving
the audience to make its way out in the dark...

Aug. 16, 1899   Editors at grounds...not a large delegation from Nebraska... about 100 editors total...

Aug. 17, 1899   First Expo special by railroads...MoPac will run an excursion Aug. 25 from Falls City and
points between at special rates.  Burlington announces lower fares to Omaha for GAE
starting  Aug. 29-31, but only on certain dates...

Aug. 18, 1899   Hitch in music plans for Carnival Night raises questions of who's boss...

                    Sunday people of Fairbury will attend...700/800 will come...Special rates by Elkhorn
Railway on Aug. 29-30 on run from Hastings to Omaha...

Aug. 19, 1899   New concession on lagoon...is venetian gondola rides...

                    Valentine and the garrote on which hundreds of men were executed are two of the most
attractive features of the Cuban Village...

                    The inhabitants of the Hawaiian Village are to hold a feast known as a louas...everyone is
invited...

Aug. 20, 1899   Special train for 1st Nebraska boys...Governor makes loan of  $ 2000...people of state
 make up balance...

     Pg. 6          Protests against Electric Fountain and Fire dance on Sabbath overruled...

                    Railroads announce a special rate within radius of 150 miles ...one rate-round trip...
for Saturday Aug. 26, return Monday. Where trip crosses Missouri River twice 25c extra...

     Pg. 21         Omaha's Filipino colony...(profiles of natives at village)

Aug. 21, 1899   Attendance exceeds any previous day...12,000 pour through gates...two special trains
 from Missouri and SE Nebraska...

                    Must check umbrella's and canes at Fine Arts Building and pay charge to have them looked
after...Picture Gallery room only 1/3 full, looks bare and empty...

                    In Agriculture Building exhibits being placed very slowly...Douglas County exhibit
 "Maine" almost hidden by wagons and  carriages...

Aug. 22, 1899   Heat wave...day was absolutely void of feature or incident...  A few stragglers came in
 during the day, inspected grounds...

                    Indians nervous that there was nothing for them to do... Tomorrow three of the Southwest
Indians will leave for home...

                    The work of enlarging and altering the "Olympia" will begin today...W.F. Brinton of
Washington, Iowa has a flying machine...will bring to GAE in a few weeks...

Aug. 25, 1899   Six water buffalo left Philippines...only two arrived in Omaha

Aug. 26, 1899   Storms spoil carnival...MoPac brings in 700...UVU Day...

Aug. 27, 1899   Saturdays attendance was very small...

Aug. 30, 1899   1st Nebraska Regiment returns home...will visit grounds...

Aug. 31, 1899   Lively times on Midway recall closing hours of T/M...water carnival called off...

Sept. 1, 1899   New attraction has opened...Red Windmill of Paris is an exact reproduction of famous
Paris resort...

Sept. 3, 1899   Two GAE Exposition law suits...Society dancing every evening in the New York Building
continues to be popular...

     Pg. 8          Mrs. Bowser has opened a restaurant in Chinese Building on Bluffs Tract, in addition to
her meals at the Sod House...

Sept. 4, 1899   Labor Day...crowd yesterday fairly large...fist-a-cuffs between two employees...
Mrs. Myra Walters, of Arlington, NE, was prostrated by heat yesterday...

                    Blanks shoot kid injuring him...R.C. Wisner, midway employee, spent last night locked up
for reckless shooting.  He was firing blanks as part of his show and pointed the gun at
some boys, filling the forehead of one of them with powder, burning the flesh considerably

Sept. 5, 1899   Temperature torrid...large crowd...third really reasonable crowd since opening...

Sept. 6, 1899   The 67th day of the GAE was a dry number so far as attendance and general interest was
concerned...

                    26 guards resign in protest of relieving of head of guard force...only 14 remain...others to
resign...              (Ed. Note:  Rosewaters influence here...politically motivated)

                    Douglas County display will be a unique presentation of the great agriculture resources in
the county and state...every feature of soil production, seeds, fruits, etc. The battleship
                    "Nebraska" will be launched and dedicated.

     Pg. 8          Explosion of shell in Philippine Village causes minor damage.. An old Spanish
cannonball, which was part of the Filipino Village display, ignited when a match was
dropped in it by an inquisitive person...

Sept. 7, 1899   Intense heat paralyzes attendance...100 degrees...

                    Edith Shugart, a 3 year old child, was injured when she was bitten by a pup...her father
works in the horse race squad...

     Pg. 8          Two belles from the Old Plantation will be wed...The grooms, being from Nashville, will
bring in a preacher from there to conduct the services.

Sept. 8, 1899   Exposition City sold for $ 50,000 to Chicago Wrecking Company.  A portion will be paid
immediately, with balance ready Nov. 1.  GAE treasury is replenished...management
reserves waterplant  and lagoon.  Transfer not to be made until Nov. 1, when Expo
                    will positively close.  This should relieve those in the city and state that worried
Exposition would become permanent fixture...There is now $ 30,000 borrowed money... receipts are about balancing expenses at this time...

Sept. 9, 1899   Labor Unions oppose early closing...carpenters demand 35c per hour and no work
Saturday afternoon...

     Pg. 6          Loses job at GAE...Charles Coleman, Democrat, out at Expo because he won't plug for
Rosewater, Republican...

                    Managers...now appear greatly relieved and have taken on a fresh grip on life...propose
do some hustling and make last days some of the best...

Sept. 10, 1899  Last appearance of the new Electric Fountain and Serpentine Dance...
list of special days in September...

                    Douglas County exhibit formal opening delayed until 9-21... were too busy politicking...

                    Two accidents...one at Mystic Maze where a Lincoln man put his knee through one of the
mirrors.  He was repaired at the hospital.  Julia Lone Elk, who had just won her race, was
                    injured when she fell from her pony and rendered unconscious. This will probably end the
squaw races...

                    MoPac agrees to allow stopovers in Omaha...

Sept. 11, 1899  Santiago Day...Omaha Post 7 GAR...Attendance Sunday very large

Sept. 12, 1899  Special rates by several Nebraska railroads to GAE Sept. 12-14

Sept. 13, 1899  Promoter from 1898 at work...renewed confidence by Executive Committee since arrival
of H.F. McGarvie...who was made Superintendent of amusements and advertising...
he held same position at Trans-Mississippi Exposition.

                    New attraction at New Streets of Cairo is a fire eater...

                    Omaha draws new firms...agriculture and implement manufacturers flock to city.  Their
warehouses will bring a  welcome change along the 10th Street viaduct. Others on the way.

Sept. 14, 1899  The 75 Indians were paid there $10 for their August service...

Sept. 15, 1899  Venetian Carnival Day...

                    First Indian sham battle...at Village on Bluffs Tract...

                    Standards (flags) of 1st Nebraska Regiment turned over to State...National Export
Exposition opens in Philadelphia...

Sept. 16, 1899  A number of Midway exhibitors get in trouble with Tax Collector for not paying war
tax...went to GAR Encampment in Lincoln and refused to pay tax...7-8 warrants issued...
                    (Ed. Note:  Note they left GAE grounds.  If business had been good, they wouldn't have
 left. GAR boys came to Omaha in '98)

Sept. 17, 1899  Champion high wire walker Alfredo...will walk 1/2" wire strung over lagoon 100 feet
high between Mines Building and Machinery Building...has walked Niagara Falls...

Sept. 18, 1899  All Railroads Day...Buffalo Bill show in Omaha...GAE Indians combine in War
                    Dance on grounds with Buffalo Bill's Indians...200 braves...dog feast afterwards...

Sept. 19, 1899  Western Illinois Day...
                    Seven boys met with disaster yesterday while trying to catch a glimpse of the Wild West
Show.  They were perched on the highest limb of a tree at 21st & Paul, when it broke,
hurling them in a heap to the ground.  One suffered a broken leg.

Sept. 20, 1899  Odd Fellows Day... Sioux Indian War Dance and dog feast featured...(large add)

Sept. 21, 1899  Douglas County Day...South Dakota Day...
                    Indian sham battle with Ernest Mattocks Wild West Show every day this week...

Sept. 22, 1899  Minnesota Editors Day...

Sept. 23, 1899  War dance...$1000 fireworks display...Midway parade...

Sept. 24, 1899  Midway parade drew big crowd...more moneyed sightseers than for many weeks...

                    Florida exhibit fully installed in Colonial Building...last outdoor concert for season on
Plaza...Auditorium hereafter...

                    No night race this week...not enough electricity available...plants being taxed to their full
 capacity... Picture of Beckwiths lady swimmers...

                    Arrangements made for last 3 Aksarben parades to pass through Exposition grounds...
traverse Main Court and Midway... Premiums awarded for floral displays...

Sept. 25, 1899  Aksarben Week...wind and dust no detriment to the crowd Sunday ...throngs of eager
people take in the buildings and exhibits.

Sept. 28, 1899  Fireworks postponed until Friday and Saturday...

                    Clash at Auditorium...Cummins ticket seller taken to jail for  blocking entrance to
Auditorium in dispute over who collects charge for seating...

Sept. 29, 1899  Sham battle...Wild West Show...fireworks...Death spoils sham battle...redmen at GAE
mope in  teepees over death of Conquering Bear, Oglala Sioux, who was killed in an
                    accident in downtown Omaha yesterday...jumped off moving street car...fell and struck his
head...remains will be shipped back to Agency.

                    New attraction at Battle of Manila Bay...a real ship will be blown into atoms by a
submarine mine...

                    Cold wave yesterday caused some activity...hustling for stoves about the White City...

Sept. 30, 1899  Magic Court frost bitten...spoils pretty plants...many hurried into buildings...
sham battle not given with usual zest...

Oct. 1, 1899    Retrenchment in expenses is order of the day and many will lose their heads.  Show will
close for good Oct. 31, not one day before.  Have never entertained a thought of closing
                    before date advertised.  Will consider further reduction of work force in next day
two...cleaver used in Department of Promotion and Publicity...

                    Sherman Ave. gate by Wigwam has been closed for a week...only open in evenings...

Oct. 5, 1899    Fees will be charged to sick taken to hospital...noone to be treated without remuneration...
since use of new system, number of sick people has wonderfully decreased...

                    Order has been issued...noone with packages or bundles can leave grounds without a
permit...people lugging off Exposition  property...

                    Frank and Sam Harris of Chicago Wrecking Company on grounds...taking inventory of
property purchased...

Oct. 6, 1899    Capt. Sorcho upset while running gauntlet of mines in the lagoon...Just before he started
 his trip through the mine field a swan boat came steaming by...dislocating buoys
                    marking the mines, setting some off sending the Olympia off course.  He was knocked
the water, but was rescued by the Johnsons...

                    Red cloud sent for...President McKinley may come to visit the "Fighting 1st Nebraska"...
Conquering Bear left six widows...

                    Indians and Wild West Show...Indian ponies collide while assaulting the Deadwood Stage,
hurling their riders off... Indians of GAE sign petition asking old Chief Red Cloud to
                    come to Omaha...on or before 16th when President McKinley is expected...

Oct. 8, 1899    Children’s Day...last special day for little ones...2000 take advantage of free admission...

                    Society lady (Miss Nellie Harris) requests to ride with Capt  Sorcho aboard Olympia
through mine field laid in lagoon...her name withheld to avoid objections...

                    Bridal pair from Clarinda, Iowa take ride on the Deadwood Stage...It was a wild ride, but
the bride came out blushing and smiling at finish.

Oct. 9, 1899    McKinley will not visit Omaha...Red Cloud too ill to come... Crowds large...
concessionaires smiling...for first time in a week...Midway was lively...


Oct. 10, 1899   Hastings Day...two trainloads (1800) expected...
                    Thomas Kimball, Sr. dies...Indian sham battle...

Oct. 11, 1899   Trouble over payday...employees clamor for wages...several hundred disappointed, not a
little out of humor...wild west boys balk, electric light men threaten to turn off electricity.

                    Chicago Wrecking co. has disposed of Auditorium to the Manawa people, who will move
it to the lake...

Oct. 12, 1899   Modern Woodmen Day...10,000 expected...

                    Weekly payroll provided...coal supply short...requires two carloads a day to supply
necessary power and light...

Oct. 15, 1899   Last appearance of Alfredo...band all week on lagoon opposite Government Building...

Oct. 16, 1899   Beginning of International Music Week...

Oct. 23, 1899   Gen. Nelson Miles visits...with Col. Cody...

Oct. 25, 1899   Railroads give 1/2 price fares for final days of Exposition...

Oct. 29, 1899   Closing days of the show. The fact that 3/4 of the free passes had been taken up, made last
nights crowd one of the better paying ones...

                    Siege of powerhouse lifted...guards for ten days have blocked it to prevent officers of  the
law from taking away the boilers

                    GAE after Bekins...court case of strong box containing $300... A new stage coach and
horse took part yesterday, because the old coach and team were taken with an attachment
and sold...
     Pg. 25         Photos of General Miles at Exposition...

Oct. 30, 1899   GAE's last Sunday...was best Sunday of the season...one of best days period...
10,000 people attend...

                    Tempest in teapot over property owners passes being refused.  15,000 free passes had been
issued, many being used every day ...total attendance to date 725,000...but over 1/2 free...

                    Florida exhibit in hands of law over $ 200 freight bill not   paid by GAE people...

                    Coal supply exhausted...barely enough to keep wheels turning…  Finally two carloads of
 fuel came in...

     Pg. 8          Of two great Expo's-a glance into past of the immense project undertaken by city. 
The T/M was a signal success, with the fame of Omaha being extended...the whole country
increased it's respect...In the past two summers, millions was raised, millions was spent
and millions of visitors came to the city...the only souvenir for the city will be Kountze
Park...

Oct. 31, 1899   Omaha Day...Last Day of Exposition...50c rate only...holiday
                proclaimed by Mayor...businesses and public schools closed...

                    A number of workers laid off 15 days ago were paid off last night.  Exhibitors in
Agriculture Building down on books to receive $50 a month, were given $10...

                    Wreckers to begin work tomorrow...

Nov. 1, 1899    White City a memory now...25,000 swarmed grounds on last day...Dizzy time on the
Midway...all the pranksters in town headed inside Exposition enclosure...

                    Strike at powerhouse over October pay shuts off lights, fires drawn at 4:00 P.M. and water
turned on coals...Police took charge of powerhouse and ejected strikers, fires were
                    rekindled at 7:00 P.M...

                    At the Auditorium, the shutting off of lights cast shadows  unto the music, for a moment
the transition to darkness...then the city line was turned on and the rehearsal was played
                    out by the flickering of a single arc lamp...

                    Owing to the shortness of coal, illumination about the Grand Court and East track was not
its usual brilliance, leaving the great show to pass out in a semi-darkened manner...
                    Shortly after 9:00 the lights went out...

                    With the passing of the lights the pandemonium already rampant on the Midway
descended into wild commotion.  The crowd merged into a wriggling mass of humanity,
like an army of centipedes...signs were torn down, thatching torn off the Filipino
                    Village.  When the conglomeration grew more boisterous, the few remaining exhibitors
began to close up their doors and box the more breakable goods...reminding one of the
preparations for an expected cyclone...

                    With the thousands who passed through the gates...the Expo will be a pleasant memory...
but there are others for whom it was something of a nightmare...

                    Most of the West Midway restaurants will remain open for two weeks...Schlitz will
continue to January 1...
                    Attendance 843,217...427239 paid...although 3/4 at 25c rate

Nov. 2, 1899    Exodus from White City...buildings pouring contents into drays  and machinery moving
out...estimated the GAE company will have to pay $ 130,000 to square itself...

                    Receipts $ 420,000...paid out $ 420,000. At opening Exposition Company $ 60,000 in
debt, being borrowed money...additional $ 40,000 borrowed for 2nd Company...gates
closed with a debt of $130,000 not counting the $ 89,000 in capital stock paid up
                    ...additional $ 15,000 required to restore grounds and filling  of lagoon...

                    Receipts from concessionaires $ 70,000 with a balance of $ 25,000 due...not a half dozen
made money-Giant Seesaw, Old Plantation, Scenic Railway, Chutes, Hagenbacks,
Wargraph...all others lost heavily...

                    Judge enjoins wrecking crews...Cady Lumber Co. files injunction stopping demolition of
White city until claim of $5243 for lumber furnished to repair buildings is paid...

Nov. 3, 1899    Omaha Street Railway Company lays off 50 men now that Exposition is over...

Nov. 4, 1899    An Army of demolition...wrecking begins next week...carload of wrecking machinery
comes from Chicago.  200 men employed,  300 more to be hired.

                    Furniture all out of buildings, being stored in Transportation Building, where auction will
be held in a month.  Last load of wares left Foreign Pavilion this morning...

                    Midway deserted...many of the buildings disposed of, yesterday Hawaiian exhibit hauled
from grounds, some will be shipped back to Honolulu, much donated to Library, some sent
to Paris Exposition...

                    Almost every former employee of GAE has gone to work for wrecking company...
                    Mrs. George Miller has died... Cash awards to counties listed...

                    Unloading on lumber market...some think selling Exposition material will stimulate
 building much as it did last year...

Nov. 5, 1899    Judge restrains wrecking company...prevents payment of $10,000 from them to GAE

                    Concessions Department workers have organized an association and will seek to collect
what is due them.  A number of employees favor throwing the Expo Company into
bankruptcy...Coal dealers and others garnish wrecking company in Chicago...

                    Colonial cousins going-Filipinos, Cubans, Hawaiians and Porto Ricans start from
Exposition...Midway a howling wilderness...half-dozen buildings already down...
Chutes lake is dry...

                    Every building except Government Building practically empty, Fine Arts Building will
close out Monday (6th)...

                    Exposition employees and others hold Rosewater and Mayor  Moores responsible for death
of GAE.  Nothing but condemnation for "Rule or Ruin" gang...accuse Rosewater of
deliberately and maliciously wrecking the Exposition...

Nov. 8, 1899    Exposition employees divided...retain attorney...

Nov. 9, 1899    A.J. Dockerty has been selected to make and present the medals  and diplomas.  Several
hundred bronze and silver medals will be issued.

     Pg. 5          Exposition liquidates debt to some employees as suppliers to Indians Congress and
Hospital force paid in full...

     Pg. 8          George Gaines, Superintendent of the Indian Congress, will go to Buffalo, N.Y. to discuss
holding one there...

Nov. 10, 1899   Wholesale looters of metal at grounds caught...were openly stealing lead pipe and
plumbing material...

                    Demolition of buildings will begin next week...compromise reached where they can tear
down buildings, but not haul material away...

                    On Midway one-half of buildings in process of demolition... Seesaw will go to Coney
Island...Chutes will be sold as old  lumber and worked into corn cribs...Merry-go-round
being stored at Courtland Beach, with the expectation something will breakout next
summer...thieves abound...

Nov. 11, 1899   Letter charges Rosewater with having been the cause of Republican defeats in latest
 elections...

Nov. 12, 1899   Creditors may privately release buildings to wreckers...

Nov. 14, 1899   Men sent away, no work now...legal tying up of wrecking company causing hardships.
 Big structures remain standing, staff is falling off buildings in places, increasing danger
                     of fire...

Nov. 15, 1899   Exposition faces bankruptcy...95 employees seek application...allege acts of favoritism
by GAE management...

Nov. 19, 1899   Tackle buildings tomorrow...Chicago Wrecking Company expects to begin pulling them
down, but restrained from paying any amount to GAE company...

Nov. 20, 1899   Demise of White City...demolition and replacing grounds will require six months.
Agriculture Building will go first...everything to be saved except staff. Somebody on
a local paper had a dream that staff could be converted into fertilizer, but CWC has
no disposition in view other than to fill excavations.

                    Most of the material wrecked is already sold...Two lively places on Midway yet...
Schlitz and German Village serving beer and meals...

                    Shattered fabric of a dream...brick walks torn up, trenches open, Gondolas and launches
float idly on lagoon, minarets and domes roll about the grounds...

                    Scenic Railway and Seesaw only undisturbed moving attractions on the West
Midway...Chutes being unbuilt...Bluffs tract  little touched...

Nov. 22, 1899   In the fading White City...a dreary place in the rain, 150 wreckers in buildings.  Only
sounds coming from Agriculture and International Hall, where workmen at work ripping
up floors, tearing out the insides.  Plumbing in all buildings taken out and shipped to
warehouses in Chicago...

Nov. 25, 1899   Sunshine at Gray City...third large building attacked.  Work on Mines and Colonial
Buildings will begin at noon, will be crews on all buildings by end of next week...

Nov. 29, 1899   They oppose bankruptcy...New GAE attorney admits company is insolvent, and
insolvent at time it made deal that allowed it to stay open until October 31.

Nov. 30, 1899   Mr. Kitchen's Generous Offer..."employees have claims totaling $18,000.  If everyone
of the gentlemen who voted to remove me from the Exposition management will put up
$800 for the purpose of paying these employees, I will put up $1600... I suggest to the
gentlemen who were so anxious to make the Exposition a success last July, come to the
front now with their cash"...J.B. Kitchen

Dec. 3, 1899    Work on Exposition buildings moving along steadily.   Manufacturers Building latest to
show effects, workers hope Indian summer continues...

Dec. 9, 1899    Will transform street lighting.  New dynamo being placed,  alternate current replacing
        direct current.  Hartford Globes, just like those used on Midway and Main court,
replace old lights and will do away with the shadows and flickering...

Dec. 12, 1899   Creditors of Expo...hearing put off on bankruptcy proceedings.

Dec. 17, 1899   No trace of Midway...CWC proceeding at a steady pace.  Midway has been destroyed.
Electricity and Agriculture Buildings have been razed to the ground and other buildings
have lost their symmetry.  Lagoon still intact.  On east tract powerhouse no longer to be
seen.  Machinery taken apart and removed from grounds.  Officials for CWC say will
probably finish in April.

 Pg. 32         World Herald photo of what’s left of Agriculture Building...

Dec. 18, 1899   Appeal from an Exposition Employee: ... There have been gross errors by GAE
management.  They depended too much on receipts of last few weeks, an error in
judgment, not intent.  We do not wish charity, only what is right.  Many of our children
                    will get no Christmas presents this year...

Dec. 24, 1899   Old Fort Omaha's frame structures fading from landscape, only brick buildings will
        remain...
  (Ed. note:  Found it interesting that at the same time the GAE was being torn down, so was Fort Omaha.)

Dec. 29, 1899   White Buildings vanish...hundreds of cars have borne away pillars and walls of the
Exposition city.  Manufacturers Building disappears, Mines and Agriculture Buildings only
two wholly gone...Horticulture Building still bids defiance to wreckers...Government, Fine
Arts and Liberal Arts Buildings not touched.  Fraternal (Nebraska) Building inviolate, but
                    fence around Bluffs Tract is down...

                    Post Office calls in Omaha and Columbian stamps...local office complied a month ago,
returned over $ 29,000 worth of Omaha stamps, all larger denominations.  Special
periodical stamps that were placed on sale some months ago for the special benefit of
collectors, will be retired at end of year.  Omaha office was sent 150 sets, about 50 left...

Dec. 30, 1899   Employees will be paid first. Judge Munger adjudges Exposition was bankrupt and men
owed wages are preferred creditors.  He granted petition to declare it bankrupt.

Dec. 31, 1899   Dismantling the Exposition...World Herald photos taken Dec. 22 of East Midway,
showing German Village and Seesaw is all  that's left.

                                                  1900

Jan 2, 1900     Over $ 1 Million  increase in Real Estate transfers for 1899...
                   1897-$ 5,880,230  -  1898-$ 6,171,582  -  1899-$ 7,336,504

Jan. 7, 1900    Debris at White City...Horticulture Building only one not touched.  Massive beams
intermixed with lathing and staff cover a wide area on either side of lagoon.  Only
buildings left on Grand Court are Government, Fine Arts and Liberal Arts.   All the rest
 have vanished.  Wrecking company now devoting efforts to state buildings.  Horticulture
Building untouched,  as it is only a shell,...not much of worth since it has little heavy
timber.  CWC has been very fortunate as to weather, now expect to finish by middle of
March...

                    Inquiries made about using staff as fertilizer.  While the staff is useful for fertilizer, a little
goes a long way.  Therefore no demand made for it and no effort is being made to dispose
(salvage) it... It is considered refuse, one of the things used in construction of the buildings,
that cannot be turned into money...

Jan. 17, 1900   Claimants against Exposition...Those with claims need to prove them up as soon as
possible.  One attorney thinks may be as much as $ 45,000 in sight...unpaid employees
may get their money in full...

Jan. 18, 1900   After Bluff Tract for a park...5th Ward taxpayers discuss methods of acquiring Exposition
land...Grand Stand could be purchased for $50-$75...

Jan. 28, 1900   5th Warders determined to have park...map of proposed park...

Feb. 1, 1900    Whether to lease or purchase...North siders discuss questions but agree city should make
 Bluff tract a park...

Feb. 4, 1900    700 creditors...Trustee will be appointed to sue on stock and concessionaire contracts...
claims of $ 120,000...

Feb. 10, 1900   Spanish sea coast cannon (6.6") turned over to Omaha...
                    Will build Auditorium at Kountze Park...to seat 7500...

Feb. 17, 1900   Estimated cost of auditorium $ 70,000...will cover half a block...

March 21, 1900  Rosewater tries to prevent his being thrown out of G.O.P...

March 22, 1900  An Echo of Exposition...suit filed for $ 25,000 for damages from arrest in 1899...

March 26, 1900  Fiendish work of "Boxers" against missionaries...


March 29, 1900  Bluff Park taking shape...stretch of land along ridge to be connected with Kountze Park
by boulevard.  Twenty acres included in narrow tract between Manderson and Wirt
Streets...

April 11, 1900  Great Structure down...fire destroys Transportation Building, which was filled with
windows and lumber...Also leveled  Philippine Village, killing the two water buffalo,
and Chinese Village and Battle of Manila building...Apiary Building not touched...
source of fire questioned...

April 12, 1900  Wrecking Crew unlucky...had just paid off liens on Exposition Buildings day before fire.
Could not tear down until liens of $ 1479 paid, were to begin demolition that morning.
CWC had maintained a Fire company until just 6 weeks ago...

April 13, 1900  GAE's new suit...Richard Hooten, trustee for the creditors of the GAE, filed a new suit
against CWC bringing attachment and garnishment,...the allegation being they owe several
thousand dollars to the Exposition...

     Pg. 7          Fire shortens wreckers stay...CWC expects to leave Expo grounds in about 30 days...about
55 men put out of work by the fire, with a loss of about $12,000 not covered by
insurance...Park Board will fall back on the T/M people for $12,000 loss in the fire.  The
Board does not know the GAE Company and never recognized any transfer of the obligation from the T/M to the GAE; no matter what transfers owners of private
                   property adjoining Expo grounds may have done.  The trouble will begin when CWC turns
over the park grounds to the Expo people...

April 14, 1900  Have sold all material...CWC office force will stay open for two months to wind up...all
sold but will require two months  before it can be carted away.  there is little more to be
                    wrecked...Apiary Building being the largest piece left...

April 15, 1900  Over half a million dollars invested in warehouses this year in Omaha...

April 26, 1900  Liens on Exposition...steps to enjoin enforcing them...

April 29, 1900  U.S. National Bank in Exposition mix-up over loan...

May 6, 1900     Taking up Exposition track...MOPAC will begin taking up track penetrating grounds.
CWC has all material removed from one track and on other two soon will be out of way...

May 23, 1900    Park board reorganized...Northsiders again appear for Bluff Tract park proposal.  Expo
Company must soon fulfill pledge to restore grounds where White City stood.  The Board
decided not to take part in the merry war between different men who have claimed to have
bought from CWC the piling and sheeting of the lagoon...only interested in seeing that they
are pulled...

May 25, 1900    Strike a sulfur spring at 13th and Manderson while boring for viaduct for MOPAC. 
New spring is 1/4 mile from old one...



June 2, 1900    Omaha men at Buffalo...Henry Rustin has full charge of electrical work...also McConnell,
with his Old Plantation.   Nearly all of Midway concessionaires at Omaha are at Buffalo.
                        Col. Ninci, Major Clarkson, John Wakefield...F.W. Taylor is  in charge of concessions...

June 3, 1900    Mrs. Bowswer...remains on grounds in her Sod House, rent free, until this spring...
squatting on undeclared land part of T/M grounds...

June 5, 1900    Mrs. Bowser gets notice to quit grounds in three days...

June 14, 1900   Council Bluffs population 25,000 according to census...

June 20, 1900   Omaha may show drop in population.  Census report in 1890 was padded to show Omaha
as metropolitan city...which requires a  population of 100,000